Recycling does not involve significant additional efforts.
As compared to other ecological methods, recycling is the one that involves the lowest effort made by consumers. Household waste shall be sorted before throwing it away in separated containers according to the type of accepted waste (plastic, glass, paper etc). Consequently, for the average consumer, recycling only involves paying a little attention when sorting the waste.
Almost 45 % of household waste consists of recyclable packages and materials. This quantity increased in recent years and will continue to increase.
As representatives of the community we all have the power and obligation to influence the greening process of the town we live in or of the area where we spend our holidays. The solution is at hand and consists of the SELECTIVE STORAGE OF WASTE, in order to recycle/recover it.
The recycling of reusable materials reduces the consumption of natural resources (oil, water, energy) and the level of harmful emissions in the air.
– 1 ton of recovered paper saves 17 mature trees which produce each hour the oxygen necessary for 900 people.
– 1 ton of recovered plastic saves 8 tons of oil
– biodegradable waste recovered by a household may become fertile land for flowers, turf, green areas, market garden or it may cover the wounds in the land caused by construction works- demolitions, by landslides or erosion.
Paper is the most frequently met waste in all areas of activity and represents an important source of cellulose fibres. Paper, under its different forms (writing paper, packaging paper, newspapers, magazines, catalogues, post waste, boxes or other simple or corrugated board packaging from cosmetic products, household appliances, beverages, including TetraPak packaging, etc.) represents approximately 41% of the total household garbage that we currently produce.
Did you know that…
– Paper biodegrades much easier than plastic because it is made from cellulose?
– Each ton of recycled paper can save 17 trees?
– One 15-year-old tree is necessary to produce 700 paper bags?
– Paper and cardboard can be recycled only 10 times?
– Newspapers contain recycled paper at a ratio of 50%?
– Over 500,000 trees are used each week for producing 2/3 of the newspapers which will no longer be recycled?
The raw materials used for producing paper are: wood, cellulose, old paper. Recycled paper enables a saving of 25% of the quantity of electricity and 90% of the quantity of water (300 l) necessary for producing 1 kg of white paper. Furthermore, by recycling paper waste the toxic chloride necessary for producing the white paper is eliminated.
Recovered paper is usually used for editing publications, making products for constructions, fuels obtained from waste mixed with plastic and wood waste or products used as bedding in animal farms. Paper recycling saves an important space in the waste ramps. Paper waste is handed over in plastic bags or in tied bales. They may include all types of printed paper.
his product is largely used at a global level, due to the benefits it has: low cost, low specific gravity, high manoeuvrability, cheap manufacturing technology. Plastic is a major concern for our country.
Did you know that…
– Approximately 30 % of the produced plastic is used for packaging?
– Americans dispose 2.5 million plastic containers each hour?
– Each ton of recycled plastic means a saving of 700- 800 kg of crude oil?
– By burning plastic, substances that produce lung diseases are released, and over an extended period of time they can affect the liver, kidneys and blood?
– Plastic bags are not biodegradable; by reaching the ocean, these bags determine the death of marine animals which get stuck in them or swallow them?
– The ink used for printing the bags contains cadmium, a very toxic metal, released in the air once with bag burning?
– By recycling a plastic bottle, energy for the operation of a 60W bulb for 6 hours is saved?
– 10 recycled PETs may be used for fabricating a t-shirt or 1 m2 of carpet?
– 50 PETs may be used for a jumper?
Plastic packaging is not biodegradable. The increase of its consumption, particularly over the last 10 years, led to an alarming increase in the number of packaging irresponsibly disposed in the nature. By collecting and recycling it, the negative environmental impact is reduced.
Plastic may be used for: polyester fibres (75%), used, in their turn, as raw material for carpets, tapestry, toys, felts for textile industry, automotive industry, industrial foil, girths, belts, new food and non-food PET packaging. The benefits of the products obtained from recycled plastic consist of a cheaper manufacturing cost as compared to those obtained from raw materials.
Glass recycling is an endless history. Unlike plastic or paper materials, disposed glass may be recycled endlessly.
Did you know that…
– Glass may be recycled endlessly without loosing its properties?
– The glass which shall be used for new containers should be sorted according to colour, should not be dirty and should not contain contamination agents?
– Glass needs 1 million years to decompose in small pieces?
– Glass recycling reduces manufacturing pollution by 75% and air pollution by 14-20%?
– The recycling of a glass jar saves sufficient energy for supplying a 100W bulb for 4 hours?
– The recycling of a ton of glass saves 1.2 tons of raw materials (soda, sand, feldspar) and energy at a ratio of 25%?
– Glass containers may be used, on average, 25-30 times before breaking, being then recycled in new containers, almost endlessly?
– A lot of glass containers already incorporate pieces of recycled glass (small pieces of glass waste) and for this reason a comparison between the containers made from glass used for the first time and the containers entirely made from recycled material can not be made?
Glass is produced using the following raw materials: quartz sand, limestone, soda (pollutant product). Glass recycling protects the environment and saves, in the long-term, the natural resources, water and electricity. Glass is 100% recyclable, its recovery saving an important volume of energy resources.
The manufacturers of glass containers prefer to introduce the pieces in the raw material because the temperature in the furnace reduces significantly. Glass dust which can no longer be used for manufacturing other containers may be recovered by making glass silk, material largely used for thermal and sound insulation. Glass to be used for new containers shall be, as a rule, sorted according to colour and shall not contain contaminants such as dirt, rocks, ceramic, plates resistant to high temperatures or other glass products.
Many goods and packages are manufactured from metals- sheet, steel and in particular aluminium. Aluminium recycling saves 95% of the energy necessary to produce it.
id you know that…
– Aluminium is 100% recyclable?
– A TV set may function three hours continuously with the energy saved by recycling an aluminium box?
– By recycling 1 kg of aluminium, there can be saved 4 kg of chemical products and 14 kwh of electricity?
– The recycled aluminium foil is used for making different parts for new cars?
Aluminium is the most valuable among the recycled household products. Aluminium beverage containers are used for manufacturing new products with the same destination and a much lower energy consumption. In order to manufacture a new product using recycled metal one can save 74% – 95% of the energy necessary to manufacture the same product with primary resources. If we recycle an aluminium can we will save sufficient energy for producing other 20 recycled cans.
The cans brought to the collection centres are kibbled, baled and transported at the central processing units. At the recovery stations, the crushed cans are initially heated for removing humidity and then loaded in a remelting furnace. The resulting metal is transformed in ingots which are afterwards transferred in another processing unit and rolled into foils. These foils may be reused for different utilities, according to the requirements of the market. In these stages of manufacturing of the ingots and metal foils, the use of natural resources will be significantly reduced.